Archive: Climate change


Explainer Selection of fruits at a food market

Spiralling food prices are driving inflation and squeezing household budgets. This is exacerbating poverty, hunger and debt.

Explainer City road with buildings and cars

Compressed natural gas (CNG) is promoted as a cleaner fuel alternative, but also comes with risks to the climate and health.

Explainer Floating icons of official national flags of the world

The Kyoto Protocol made history in 1997 as the first major international effort to slow climate change.

Explainer Oil and gas rig off Cape town coast, view from land

While the world plans for a future without gas, an upsurge in new gas projects in South Africa is likely a “costly mistake”.

Explainer

Analysts agree that natural gas is too risky for South Africa, and it is not needed for the energy transition from coal to clean.

News & Analysis Sunset photo of massive coal plant in Mpumalanga

South Africa’s cabinet has approved the $8.5 billion (R155 billion) plan to help the country transition away from fossil fuels.

Explainer Deep red sky with sun and clouds

Global warming is making extreme events, such as heatwaves, droughts, wildfires, floods and tropical storms, more frequent and severe.

News & Analysis Drought-stricken barren landscape with cracked earth

The IMF is sounding the alarm as climate change threatens to worsen food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa.

Explainer Aerial photo showing the houses and mountains of coastal Cape Town

Climate change risks life as we know it, but bold and inclusive solutions can help build a safer and fairer world.

Explainer Wind turbine on a landscape of grass and trees

Our fossil fuel energy system comes at a massive cost. Climate change is causing extreme temperatures, drought and catastrophic flooding.

Explainer Farm workers harvesting crops and hauling boxes of produce

The cascading effects of climate change impact our ability to produce food, leading to food insecurity and increased food prices.

Explainer Field of wheat crop in front of mountain

Agriculture is both a victim and culprit of climate change. The sector is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions and is acutely vulnerable to the effects of climate change.

Explainer Dry, cracked soil due to drought

A drought refers to a period of time when an area experiences lower-than-average precipitation. South Africa faces an increasing risk from drought due to climate change.

Explainer Photograph of an intricately patterned glass dome, taken from underneath

The main greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide (CO2), produced by burning fossil fuels. South Africa is the biggest emitter of greenhouse gases on the African continent.

Explainer Young crops growing from soil in a field

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas (GHG), more commonly known as laughing gas. While N2O rarely makes headlines, it is a dangerous driver of climate change.

Explainer Aerial view of crops being harvested by machine

Farming is a thriving, robust and diverse sector in South Africa, consisting of both commercial and subsistence farms.

Explainer The tallest building in Africa, The Leonardo. Based in Sandton, South Africa

A carbon footprint is the number of greenhouse gases emitted through a person, business or even a country’s activities. These greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide and methane.

Explainer Bulldozer pushing Indonesian coal at coal mine

A carbon tax is a fee paid to the government by carbon dioxide (or carbon dioxide equivalent) emitters for every tonne of carbon emitted.

Explainer Power station emitting clouds of smoke and pollutants into the air

Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound that presents as a gas in the Earth’s atmosphere. It consists of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms.

Explainer NASA photo of the Earth at night as seen from space

Greenhouse gases are gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. This can be any gas that absorbs infrared radiation and contributes to the Earth’s warming or the greenhouse effect.